ptcpdump: Capturing the Network Traffic of any Process, Container, or Pod

Preface

tcpdump is a widely used network packet capture tool known for its powerful functionality. Despite its strengths, it still lacks a long-requested feature: displaying process information associated with network requests/traffic in the output and enabling the capture of network traffic for specific processes.

To retrieve process information corresponding to the traffic captured by tcpdump, a common approach involves associating process details with connection information using tools such as ss or netstat. However, this method has drawbacks—it can be cumbersome to execute and may not effectively identify network traffic from processes with short lifecycles.

When capturing network traffic of a specific process using tcpdump, common methods include: filtering traffic by destination address when knowing the target service address the process will access; or running the target process in a specific network namespace and then using tcpdump to capture packets within that namespace. These methods have limitations as they require prior knowledge of the target process's destination address or altering the target process's execution, restricting their practicality.

This article will introduce a new tool called ptcpdump. With this tool, we can directly detect the process information of the sending traffic while capturing packets. We can also capture network packets directly for any running or pending process. If the traffic is generated by a process inside a container, it also supports displaying the container or Pod information of the traffic and capturing packets for specific containers or Pods.

ptcpdump Introduction

ptcpdump is a network packet capture tool developed using eBPF technology, designed in a tcpdump-like style. In addition to supporting tcpdump's common command-line parameters and packet filtering syntax, it also offers the following core features:

  • Capture and display information about the processes, containers, and Pods responsible for sending network traffic in the output.
  • Support packet capture for specific processes, containers, and Pods.
  • Save captured packets in pcapng format for further analysis using tcpdump or Wireshark.
  • When opening the saved pcapng file in Wireshark, you can view the details of the process, container, and Pod associated with each data packet.
  • Compile this tool using static linking to eliminate the need for additional system libraries installation.

For additional information, please refer to the project's source code repository: https://github.com/mozillazg/tcpdump

The following will showcase the core functions of ptcpdump through examples.

Common command-line parameters and packet filtering syntax compatible with tcpdump

sudo tcpdump -i eth0 tcp
sudo tcpdump -i eth0 tcp and port 80 and host 10.10.1.1
sudo tcpdump -i eth0 'tcp[tcpflags] & (tcp-syn|tcp-fin) != 0'
sudo tcpdump -i any
sudo tcpdump -i any -s 0 -n -c 100 -w demo.pcapng port 80

The common tcpdump commands mentioned above can be easily replaced with the corresponding ptcpdump commands by simply changing tcpdump to ptcpdump.

sudo ptcpdump -i eth0 tcp
sudo ptcpdump -i eth0 tcp and port 80 and host 10.10.1.1
sudo ptcpdump -i eth0 'tcp[tcpflags] & (tcp-syn|tcp-fin) != 0'
sudo ptcpdump -i any
sudo ptcpdump -i any -s 0 -n -c 100 -w demo.pcapng port 80

Capture and showcase the processes, containers, and Pod details involved in transmitting network traffic within the output

By default, ptcpdump will show basic information about processes, containers, and Pods in the output.

$ sudo ptcpdump -i any -c 4 port 80 or port 443
2024-07-07 12:56:56 WARN ptcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v[v]... for verbose output
2024-07-07 12:56:56 WARN capturing on any, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), snapshot length 262144 bytes
12:56:59.517657 veth18618a4a wget.13626 In IP 10.244.0.4.46834 > 13.251.96.10.443: Flags [S], seq 2743105662, win 64240, length 0, Container [test], Pod [test.default]
12:56:59.517836 eth0 wget.13626 Out IP 172.19.0.2.46834 > 13.251.96.10.443: Flags [S], seq 2743105662, win 64240, length 0, Container [test], Pod [test.default]
12:56:59.692593 eth0 wget.13626 In IP 13.251.96.10.443 > 172.19.0.2.46834: Flags [S.], seq 1966397178, ack 2743105663, win 65084, length 0, Container [test], Pod [test.default]
12:56:59.692754 veth18618a4a wget.13626 Out IP 13.251.96.10.443 > 10.244.0.4.46834: Flags [S.], seq 1966397178, ack 2743105663, win 65084, length 0, Container [test], Pod [test.default]
4 packets captured
6 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel

By specifying the -v parameter, you can access detailed information about processes, containers, and pods.

$ ptcpdump -i any -c 4 -v port 80 or port 443
2024-07-07 12:58:59 WARN ptcpdump: capturing on any, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), snapshot length 262144 bytes
12:59:02.265356 veth18618a4a In IP (tos 0x0, ttl 64, id 35996, offset 0, flags [DF], proto TCP (6), length 60)
    10.244.0.4.41666 > 13.215.144.61.443: Flags [S], cksum 0xa93a, seq 40651020, win 64240, options [mss 1460,sackOK,TS val 2665081987 ecr 0,nop,wscale 7], length 0
    Process (pid 14565, cmd /usr/bin/wget, args wget https://mozillazg.com -O /dev/null)
    Container (name test, id 78116e60ff73d3dc41c795288fbf955ed543c964e56cada0c3fa466bc939a339, image docker.io/library/alpine:3.18, labels {"io.cri-containerd.kind":"container","io.kubernetes.container.name":"test","io.kubernetes.pod.name":"test","io.kubernetes.pod.namespace":"default","io.kubernetes.pod.uid":"9e4bc54b-de48-4b1c-8b9e-54709f67ed0c"})
    Pod (name test, namespace default, UID 9e4bc54b-de48-4b1c-8b9e-54709f67ed0c, labels {"run":"test"}, annotations {"kubernetes.io/config.seen":"2024-07-07T12:43:29.121307922Z","kubernetes.io/config.source":"api"})
12:59:02.265606 eth0 Out IP (tos 0x0, ttl 63, id 35996, offset 0, flags [DF], proto TCP (6), length 60)
    172.19.0.2.41666 > 13.215.144.61.443: Flags [S], cksum 0x4a58, seq 40651020, win 64240, options [mss 1460,sackOK,TS val 2665081987 ecr 0,nop,wscale 7], length 0
    Process (pid 14565, cmd /usr/bin/wget, args wget https://mozillazg.com -O /dev/null)
    Container (name test, id 78116e60ff73d3dc41c795288fbf955ed543c964e56cada0c3fa466bc939a339, image docker.io/library/alpine:3.18, labels {"io.cri-containerd.kind":"container","io.kubernetes.container.name":"test","io.kubernetes.pod.name":"test","io.kubernetes.pod.namespace":"default","io.kubernetes.pod.uid":"9e4bc54b-de48-4b1c-8b9e-54709f67ed0c"})
    Pod (name test, namespace default, UID 9e4bc54b-de48-4b1c-8b9e-54709f67ed0c, labels {"run":"test"}, annotations {"kubernetes.io/config.seen":"2024-07-07T12:43:29.121307922Z","kubernetes.io/config.source":"api"})
12:59:02.462586 eth0 In IP (tos 0x4, ttl 47, id 0, offset 0, flags [DF], proto TCP (6), length 60)
    13.215.144.61.443 > 172.19.0.2.41666: Flags [S.], cksum 0x9772, seq 3160052321, ack 40651021, win 65084, options [mss 1240,sackOK,TS val 3710435767 ecr 2665081987,nop,wscale 9], length 0
    Process (pid 14565, cmd /usr/bin/wget, args wget https://mozillazg.com -O /dev/null)
    Container (name test, id 78116e60ff73d3dc41c795288fbf955ed543c964e56cada0c3fa466bc939a339, image docker.io/library/alpine:3.18, labels {"io.cri-containerd.kind":"container","io.kubernetes.container.name":"test","io.kubernetes.pod.name":"test","io.kubernetes.pod.namespace":"default","io.kubernetes.pod.uid":"9e4bc54b-de48-4b1c-8b9e-54709f67ed0c"})
    Pod (name test, namespace default, UID 9e4bc54b-de48-4b1c-8b9e-54709f67ed0c, labels {"run":"test"}, annotations {"kubernetes.io/config.seen":"2024-07-07T12:43:29.121307922Z","kubernetes.io/config.source":"api"})
12:59:02.462782 veth18618a4a Out IP (tos 0x4, ttl 46, id 0, offset 0, flags [DF], proto TCP (6), length 60)
    13.215.144.61.443 > 10.244.0.4.41666: Flags [S.], cksum 0x3890, seq 3160052321, ack 40651021, win 65084, options [mss 1240,sackOK,TS val 3710435767 ecr 2665081987,nop,wscale 9], length 0
    Process (pid 14565, cmd /usr/bin/wget, args wget https://mozillazg.com -O /dev/null)
    Container (name test, id 78116e60ff73d3dc41c795288fbf955ed543c964e56cada0c3fa466bc939a339, image docker.io/library/alpine:3.18, labels {"io.cri-containerd.kind":"container","io.kubernetes.container.name":"test","io.kubernetes.pod.name":"test","io.kubernetes.pod.namespace":"default","io.kubernetes.pod.uid":"9e4bc54b-de48-4b1c-8b9e-54709f67ed0c"})
    Pod (name test, namespace default, UID 9e4bc54b-de48-4b1c-8b9e-54709f67ed0c, labels {"run":"test"}, annotations {"kubernetes.io/config.seen":"2024-07-07T12:43:29.121307922Z","kubernetes.io/config.source":"api"})
4 packets captured
6 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel

Support capturing packets for specified processes, containers, or Pods

Capture packets for a specific process identified by its PID

You can use the --pid parameter to specify the process ID for capturing packets, allowing you to capture packets specifically for the designated process.

$ sudo ptcpdump -i any -c 4 --pid 82106
2024-07-07 13:11:40 WARN ptcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v[v]... for verbose output
2024-07-07 13:11:40 WARN capturing on any, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), snapshot length 262144 bytes
13:11:50.170538 ens33 python3.10.82106 Out IP 10.0.2.15.36648 > 13.251.96.10.443: Flags [S], seq 1633417447, win 64240, length 0
13:11:50.369972 ens33 python3.10.82106 In IP 13.251.96.10.443 > 10.0.2.15.36648: Flags [S.], seq 1793291274, ack 1633417448, win 64240, length 0
2 packets captured
3 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel

You can also capture packets from the subprocesses created by this process by specifying the -f parameter.

$ sudo ptcpdump -i any -c 4 --pid 82106 -f 'tcp[tcpflags] & tcp-fin != 0'
2024-07-07 13:17:31 WARN ptcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v[v]... for verbose output
2024-07-07 13:17:31 WARN capturing on any, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), snapshot length 262144 bytes
13:17:37.800903 ens33 python3.10.82106 Out IP 10.0.2.15.38576 > 52.74.166.77.443: Flags [F.], seq 2442149577, ack 367271121, win 62780, length 0
13:17:37.977316 ens33 python3.10.82106 In IP 52.74.166.77.443 > 10.0.2.15.38576: Flags [FP.], seq 367271145, ack 2442149578, win 64239, length 0
13:17:44.390627 ens33 curl.95920 Out IP 10.0.2.15.38590 > 52.74.166.77.443: Flags [F.], seq 3726932781, ack 1510095004, win 63045, length 0
13:17:44.564990 ens33 curl.95920 In IP 52.74.166.77.443 > 10.0.2.15.38590: Flags [FP.], seq 1510095028, ack 3726932782, win 64239, length 0
4 packets captured
4 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel

Capture packets based on a specified process name

You can capture packets for a specified process name by using the --pname parameter to specify the process name (comm).

$ sudo ptcpdump -i any -c 2 --pname curl
2024-07-07 13:23:18 WARN ptcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v[v]... for verbose output
2024-07-07 13:23:18 WARN capturing on any, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), snapshot length 262144 bytes
13:23:24.881499 lo curl.26511 Out IP 127.0.0.1.43332 > 127.0.0.53.53: 44133+ [1au] A? mozillazg.com. (42)
13:23:24.881663 lo curl.26511 Out IP 127.0.0.1.43332 > 127.0.0.53.53: 14694+ [1au] AAAA? mozillazg.com. (42)
2 packets captured
2 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel

Capture packets by executing the target program

If needed, you can capture packets for specific programs by running the target program with the -- parameter.

$ sudo ptcpdump -i any -- curl -I https://mozillazg.com
2024-07-07 13:26:44 WARN ptcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v[v]... for verbose output
2024-07-07 13:26:44 WARN capturing on any, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), snapshot length 262144 bytes
13:26:44.055757 lo curl.28094 Out IP 127.0.0.1.48826 > 127.0.0.53.53: 8942+ [1au] A? mozillazg.com. (42)
13:26:44.055914 lo curl.28094 Out IP 127.0.0.1.48826 > 127.0.0.53.53: 34274+ [1au] AAAA? mozillazg.com. (42)
13:26:44.775840 lo curl.28094 In IP 127.0.0.53.53 > 127.0.0.1.48826: 8942 3/0/1 CNAME mozillazg.netlify.com., A 13.251.96.10, A 46.137.195.11 (106)
13:26:45.135988 lo curl.28094 In IP 127.0.0.53.53 > 127.0.0.1.48826: 34274 3/0/1 CNAME mozillazg.netlify.com., AAAA 2406:da18:880:3802::c8, AAAA 2406:da18:b3d:e202::64 (130)
13:26:45.136819 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [S], seq 3460683104, win 64800, length 0
13:26:45.310505 wlp4s0 curl.28094 In IP6 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744: Flags [S.], seq 630810442, ack 3460683105, win 65232, length 0
13:26:45.310821 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [.], seq 3460683105, ack 630810443, win 507, length 0
13:26:45.414551 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [P.], seq 3460683105:3460683622, ack 630810443, win 507, length 517
13:26:45.595214 wlp4s0 curl.28094 In IP6 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744: Flags [.], seq 630810443, ack 3460683622, win 127, length 0
13:26:45.595413 wlp4s0 curl.28094 In IP6 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744: Flags [.], seq 630810443:630811651, ack 3460683622, win 127, length 1208
13:26:45.595595 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [.], seq 3460683622, ack 630811651, win 501, length 0
13:26:45.595702 wlp4s0 curl.28094 In IP6 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744: Flags [P.], seq 630811651:630812859, ack 3460683622, win 127, length 1208
13:26:45.595797 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [.], seq 3460683622, ack 630812859, win 492, length 0
13:26:45.595862 wlp4s0 curl.28094 In IP6 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744: Flags [P.], seq 630812859:630813338, ack 3460683622, win 127, length 479
13:26:45.595934 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [.], seq 3460683622, ack 630813338, win 489, length 0
13:26:45.600998 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [P.], seq 3460683622:3460683686, ack 630813338, win 489, length 64
13:26:45.601344 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [P.], seq 3460683686:3460683781, ack 630813338, win 489, length 95
13:26:45.616759 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [P.], seq 3460683781:3460683882, ack 630813338, win 501, length 101
13:26:45.779516 wlp4s0 curl.28094 In IP6 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744: Flags [.], seq 630813338, ack 3460683781, win 127, length 0
13:26:45.779792 wlp4s0 curl.28094 In IP6 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744: Flags [P.], seq 630813338:630813399, ack 3460683781, win 127, length 61
13:26:45.779996 wlp4s0 curl.28094 In IP6 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744: Flags [P.], seq 630813399:630813443, ack 3460683781, win 127, length 44
13:26:45.780318 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [P.], seq 3460683882:3460683913, ack 630813443, win 501, length 31
HTTP/2 200
13:26:45.788787 wlp4s0 curl.28094 In IP6 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744: Flags [P.], seq 630813443:630813677, ack 3460683882, win 127, length 234
accept-ranges: bytes
age: 79059
cache-control: public,max-age=0,must-revalidate
cache-status: "Netlify Edge"; hit
content-type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
date: Sun, 07 Jul 2024 05:26:44 GMT
etag: "80cf37f5974e2232d976c6f622121dee-ssl"
server: Netlify
strict-transport-security: max-age=31536000
x-nf-request-id: 01J25THACQSN9364YHSR2C0X5F
content-length: 11727

13:26:45.789558 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [P.], seq 3460683913:3460683937, ack 630813677, win 501, length 24
13:26:45.791514 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [F.], seq 3460683937, ack 630813677, win 501, length 0
13:26:45.963642 wlp4s0 curl.28094 In IP6 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744: Flags [.], seq 630813677, ack 3460683937, win 127, length 0
13:26:45.963956 wlp4s0 curl.28094 In IP6 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744: Flags [P.], seq 630813677:630813701, ack 3460683937, win 127, length 24
13:26:45.964172 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [R], seq 3460683937, win 0, length 0
13:26:45.964415 wlp4s0 curl.28094 In IP6 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744: Flags [F.], seq 630813701, ack 3460683937, win 127, length 0
13:26:45.964506 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [R], seq 3460683937, win 0, length 0
13:26:45.966158 wlp4s0 curl.28094 In IP6 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744: Flags [.], seq 630813702, ack 3460683938, win 127, length 0
13:26:45.966299 wlp4s0 curl.28094 Out IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.53744 > 2406:da18:880:3802::c8.443: Flags [R], seq 3460683938, win 0, length 0
32 packets captured
32 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel

Capturing Packets for a Specific Container

You can capture network packets by specifying the container ID using the --container-id parameter.

$ sudo ptcpdump -i any -c 2 --container-id 36f0310403b1
2024-07-07 13:36:19 WARN ptcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v[v]... for verbose output
2024-07-07 13:36:19 WARN capturing on any, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), snapshot length 262144 bytes
13:36:24.191242 veth09dec8f curl.32636 In IP 172.19.0.2.48960 > 18.139.194.139.443: Flags [S], seq 3213779351, win 64240, length 0, Container [kind-control-plane]
13:36:24.191369 wlp4s0 curl.32636 Out IP 192.168.1.50.48960 > 18.139.194.139.443: Flags [S], seq 3213779351, win 64240, length 0, Container [kind-control-plane]
2 packets captured
2 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel

You can also capture packets by specifying the container name using the --container-name parameter.

$ sudo ptcpdump -i any -c 2 --container-name kind-control-plane
2024-07-07 13:37:16 WARN ptcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v[v]... for verbose output
2024-07-07 13:37:16 WARN capturing on any, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), snapshot length 262144 bytes
13:37:22.560764 veth09dec8f curl.33093 In IP 172.19.0.2.39084 > 18.139.194.139.443: Flags [S], seq 3645727033, win 64240, length 0, Container [kind-control-plane]
13:37:22.561010 wlp4s0 curl.33093 Out IP 192.168.1.50.39084 > 18.139.194.139.443: Flags [S], seq 3645727033, win 64240, length 0, Container [kind-control-plane]
2 packets captured
2 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel

Capture packets for a specific Pod

You can capture packets by specifying the Pod name using the --pod-name parameter. The format for the parameter value should be <pod name>.<pod namespace>.

$ sudo ptcpdump -i any -c 2 --pod-name test.default
2024-07-07 13:38:29 WARN ptcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v[v]... for verbose output
2024-07-07 13:38:29 WARN capturing on any, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), snapshot length 262144 bytes
13:38:34.175752 eth0 wget.33660 Out IP 172.19.0.2.51564 > 13.215.144.61.443: Flags [S], seq 567383917, win 64240, length 0, Container [test], Pod [test.default]
13:38:34.372894 eth0 wget.33660 In IP 13.215.144.61.443 > 172.19.0.2.51564: Flags [S.], seq 2654865684, ack 567383918, win 65084, length 0, Container [test], Pod [test.default]
2 packets captured
3 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel

Save the data in pcapng format and analyze it using tcpdump or Wireshark

Save as pcapng format

You can save captured data in pcapng format by using the -w parameter.

$ sudo ptcpdump -i any -c 5 -w demo.pcapng
2024-07-07 13:41:32 WARN ptcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v[v]... for verbose output
2024-07-07 13:41:32 WARN capturing on any, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), snapshot length 262144 bytes
5 packets captured
22 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel

Analyzing with tcpdump

You can analyze the captured data using tcpdump through a pipeline method.

$ sudo ptcpdump -i any -c 5 -w - port 80 | tcpdump -n -r -
reading from file -, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), snapshot length 65535
2024-07-07 13:44:33 WARN ptcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v[v]... for verbose output
2024-07-07 13:44:33 WARN capturing on any, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), snapshot length 262144 bytes
13:44:44.530637 IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.50858 > 2406:da18:880:3801::c8.80: Flags [S], seq 495824072, win 64800, options [mss 1440,sackOK,TS val 2411675580 ecr 0,nop,wscale 7], length 0
13:44:44.708902 IP6 2406:da18:880:3801::c8.80 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.50858: Flags [S.], seq 640438481, ack 495824073, win 65232, options [mss 1220,sackOK,TS val 1591525382 ecr 2411675580,nop,wscale 9], length 0
13:44:44.709261 IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.50858 > 2406:da18:880:3801::c8.80: Flags [.], ack 1, win 507, options [nop,nop,TS val 2411675670 ecr 1591525382], length 0
13:44:44.709475 IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.50858 > 2406:da18:880:3801::c8.80: Flags [P.], seq 1:78, ack 1, win 507, options [nop,nop,TS val 2411675670 ecr 1591525382], length 77: HTTP: GET / HTTP/1.1
5 packets captured
6 packets received by filter
0 packets dropped by kernel
13:44:44.877110 IP6 2406:da18:880:3801::c8.80 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.50858: Flags [P.], seq 1:266, ack 78, win 128, options [nop,nop,TS val 1591525469 ecr 2411675670], length 265: HTTP: HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently

You can also analyze the captured data by reading files using tcpdump.

$ tcpdump -n -r demo.pcapng
reading from file demo.pcapng, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), snapshot length 65535
13:47:41.169584 IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.43038 > 2406:da18:b3d:e201::64.80: Flags [S], seq 3876639697, win 64800, options [mss 1440,sackOK,TS val 2072195434 ecr 0,nop,wscale 7], length 0
13:47:41.571055 IP 192.168.1.50.60580 > 18.139.194.139.80: Flags [S], seq 481256927, win 64240, options [mss 1460,sackOK,TS val 2707199178 ecr 0,nop,wscale 7], length 0
13:47:41.956270 IP6 2406:da18:b3d:e201::64.80 > 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.43038: Flags [S.], seq 2283576526, ack 3876639698, win 65232, options [mss 1220,sackOK,TS val 4276006323 ecr 2072195434,nop,wscale 9], length 0
13:47:41.956437 IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.43038 > 2406:da18:b3d:e201::64.80: Flags [.], ack 1, win 507, options [nop,nop,TS val 2072195828 ecr 4276006323], length 0
13:47:41.956733 IP6 2409:8a00:2631:22f0:acdc:55a6:9015:b8f1.43038 > 2406:da18:b3d:e201::64.80: Flags [P.], seq 1:78, ack 1, win 507, options [nop,nop,TS val 2072195828 ecr 4276006323], length 77: HTTP: GET / HTTP/1.1

Analyzing Network Traffic with Wireshark

When using Wireshark to open a saved pcapng format file, the relevant process, container, and Pod information will be displayed in the Wireshark interface:


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